Power BI and Paginated Reports – beyond usual use

A lot of customers are asking me what are the differences between Power BI and Paginated Reports, why should they use one OR the other. My answer is mostly: It’s not one OR the other, why not combine and get the most out of both worlds?! I suggest in many cases that Power BI can be used as interactive dashboard “entry-tool” for end users to analyze dynamically their data. But once a pixel-perfect report should be created as PDF (it’s mostly PDF so we’re going to focus on this format) Paginated Reports are simply better. So why not creating a button within your Power BI report to take all the selected filters automatically and create out-of-the-box a Paginated Report PDF print-out? Most customers are first wondering that this kind of scenarios are possible and of course wondering how it can be done. Let me walk you through how to add such a button within a Power BI report in this blog post.

Prerequisites

  • Power BI Report
  • Paginated Report
  • Power BI Desktop
  • Power BI Report Builder (recommended)
  • Power BI Premium / Power BI Premium per User / Power BI Embedded
  • Basic understanding of both worlds

I already have a Power BI and a Paginated Report ready to combine it. If you’re not familiar how to create a Paginated Report or from where to get a simple demo file I can highly recommend the Power BI Paginated Reports in a Day Course. In this course you’ll learn the differences between Power BI and Paginated Reports, how to start and build your first report, and how to publish it afterwards to Power BI.

Further Paginated Reports are only supported with Premium. Therefore you will need a Power BI Premium capacity, Premium per Use license, or Power BI Embedded.

How to

The very first thing we need to do is to publish our Paginated Report to Power BI to get the unique ID of the report from the Service. In my case I open the RDL file with Power BI Report Builder and publish it to a workspace backed up with a PPU license. I name it Sales Analysis.

Once done the report will be available in Power BI Service. If we open it we’ll see the URL pointing to our specific workspace with a unique ID (1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3) and pointing to our Sales Analysis Paginated Report which has as well a unique ID (66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b). This means we can use this URL to get to our just published Paginated Report.

If we check the Microsoft Documentation about Power BI and how the URL is build (see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/power-bi/paginated-reports/report-builder-url-parameters) we see that the URL can be enhanced to provide values for parameters, to provide commands to get a specific format, and many more. So before building something in our Power BI report let’s try the URL to understand what’s possible.

Let’s first try to give a value to the parameter. To initialize a parameter we have to add “?rp:parametername=value”. In our case the internal parameter name of the Paginated Report is called DateFiscalYear and can be checked in Power BI Report Builder. Checking the properties we also see that the parameter is a data type text.

If we’re looking for possible values we can check the “Available Values” and see if a query is used or something is hardcoded within the parameter settings. Alternatively we can also open the Report in Power BI Service and check the drop down list of the Parameter. If we do so we can see that following values are expected.

Let’s try to build the URL now with what we got so far:

URL to Reporthttps://msit.powerbi.com/groups/1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3/rdlreports/66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b
Initializing Parameter?rp:
Parameter NameDateFiscalYear
Parameter ValueFY2019
Whole URLhttps://msit.powerbi.com/groups/1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3/rdlreports/66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b?rp:DateFiscalYear=FY2019

If we call the URL now the parameter is automatically set to FY2019 and the report is loaded.

Let’s go further and try to get a PDF automatically. To do so we only need to add “&rdl:format=PDF” at the end of our URL. The “&” symbol combines different commands and to get a PDF automatically the rdl:format=PDF is necessary. Therefore our whole URL looks now as following:

https://msit.powerbi.com/groups/1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3/rdlreports/66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b?rp:DateFiscalYear=FY2019&rdl:format=PDF

If we call this URL Power BI will automatically generate a PDF.

So far so good! Now that we understand how the URL of a Paginated Report works and how we can modify it let’s try to implement it in our Power BI Report.

After opening the Power BI Report in Power BI Desktop we can add a simply DAX measure with our hardcoded URL to call the Paginated Report.

Paginated Report URL = “https://msit.powerbi.com/groups/1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3/rdlreports/66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b?rp:DateFiscalYear=FY2019&rdl:format=PDF”

Once added make sure to mark it as Data Category Web URL.

If we add now the measure to our report we see our hardcoded URL. If we click on it the Paginated Report will open. Unfortunately it’s not “connected” with our Power BI Report so far. Meaning if I change the Slicer for example to FY2020 the URL will still point to FY2019. Let’s fix this with some DAX magic.

I add a new Measure to get the selected value of the slicer. In this case I use following formula:

Selected Fiscal Year = SELECTEDVALUE(‘Date'[Fiscal Year])

Now I just replace the hardcoded FY2019 from the first Measure with my second Measure. The DAX Measure looks now as following:

Paginated Report URL = “https://msit.powerbi.com/groups/1a8b6910-c4a2-4611-ae75-5d0b968eb6d3/rdlreports/66a1a70a-89cf-4d48-80c1-39d766f9892b?rp:DateFiscalYear=” & KPIs[Selected Fiscal Year] & “&rdl:format=PDF”

Now every time I select another FY my URL will automatically adopt. That’s very simple with a single selection but what if I wish to have a multi selection, will it still work? Let’s try it out. But before testing the URL we need to make sure the Slicer is enabled for Multi Selection as well as the Parameter in our Paginated Report. Therefore I change the settings of both.

Don’t forget to republish the Paginated Report once the Property has been modified.

Let’s test our URL now in Power BI if we select two FY. I added the Paginated Report URL Measure into a Table visual to see it and select two different FY. Unfortunately the URL do not show both years, even worse it just disappeared. The reason behind is that the SELECTEDVALUE function expects one value.

Luckily we can also give an alternative to the SELECTEDVALUE function in which we can concatenate multiple values. To make sure we got the each value just once we need to use the DISTINCT function as well. Our Selected Fiscal Year Measure looks now as following.

Selected Fiscal Year = SELECTEDVALUE(‘Date'[Fiscal Year], CONCATENATEX(DISTINCT(‘Date'[Fiscal Year]), ‘Date'[Fiscal Year]))

Unfortunately it combines now FY2019 and FY2020 into one string and the URL contains now FY2019FY2020 which will not work. Even if we separate the two fiscal years with a comma or something else it will still not work as Paginated Report will recognize it as one value (e.g. “FY2019, FY2020” is one value and the report will not load). Therefore we need to add for each value the parameter again like in the Documentation described (see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/power-bi/paginated-reports/report-builder-url-parameters#url-access-syntax). The syntax looks as following:

powerbiserviceurl?rp:parametername=value&rp:parametername=value

In our case this means we have to have rp:DateFiscalYear=FY2019&rp:DateFiscalYear=FY2020 after the question mark. Let’s adjust our Selected Fiscal Year Measure to get the right URL needed. If we closely look to the syntax we see that the Delimiter can be specified. We’re going to use this and add “&rp:DateFiscalYear=”. In this case every time two ore more values are selected the values will be separated with the right expression. Our final DAX measure looks now as following:

Selected Fiscal Year = SELECTEDVALUE(‘Date'[Fiscal Year], CONCATENATEX(DISTINCT(‘Date'[Fiscal Year]), ‘Date'[Fiscal Year], “&rp:DateFiscalYear=”))

We can also see that the URL is changing dynamically based on the FY selection. If we click now on the URL the Paginated Report will open with the two FY selected and print out a PDF automatically.

Our last step is now to create a button in our Power BI Report and publish it afterwards.

In my case I choose the Pentagon Row shape and add it into my report. Of course you can modify it as wished or even use a visual instead of a shape / button to achieve the same result (open the paginated report).

Position the shape and configure it as needed. Lastly modify the Action property, set the Type to Web URL and configure our DAX Measure to be used as Web URL.

Now just publish the Power BI Report and use the button to open the Paginated Report based on your Slicer selection in Power BI.

Conclusion

As we see we can use Power BI as entry point and use it to set filters to open a Paginated Report afterwards. Due to the flexibility of the Paginated Report URL we can also specify in which format the report should be exported. This could also be a dynamic selection in Power BI. There are further integration possibilities thanks to the Paginated Report Visual in Power BI to display a Paginated Report directly in Power BI.

Please let me know if this post was helpful and give me some feedback. Also feel free to contact me if you have any questions.

If you’re interested in the files used in this blog check out my GitHub repo https://github.com/PBI-Guy/blog This time I’ll provide only the PBIT file not containing the data as well not providing the User and Password. Thanks for understanding.

Power BI Object-Level-Security

Many users are aware that Power BI offers Row-Level-Security to secure their data. As example you can use RLS so users from a specific country can only see the sales numbers from this country and not others. I did already a blog post about the different possibilities (see https://pbi-guy.com/2021/10/12/power-bi-row-level-security/ & https://pbi-guy.com/2021/10/15/power-bi-row-level-security-organizational-hierarchy/ & https://pbi-guy.com/2021/10/15/power-bi-rls-configuration-in-service/). But many customers don’t only want to secure on a row-base they also want to secure their data on a “column-” or “table-base”. And exactly for this purpose Power BI offers Object-Level-Security. Let me walk you through how to set up OLS in Power BI.

Prerequisites

  • Power BI Desktop
  • Power BI Service Account
  • Tabular Editor

How to

To enable OLS we start in Power BI and create first a data model. I’m going to use my standard Sales Report with Wide World Importers sample data. Further I created three visuals with Text boxes to show the different OLS options – No OLS applied, only on one specific column (customer), and on the whole table (dimEmployee). Every visual shows the Profit by different dimension. First one by Sales Territory, second one by Buying Group, and the third one by Employee.

As a next step we have to create the different Roles so OLS can be applied to it. Go to the Modeling Tab in the Ribbon and select Manage Roles.

In here I created two different roles – one where only the OLS for the column Customer should be applied and one where the whole Table dimEmployee should be secured. No DAX expression or anything else is needed – just the two empty roles. Once done hit the Save button.

After the test page and the roles are set up I connect to my model with Tabular Editor by selecting it through the ribbon External Tools.

Pro Tip: If you open Tabular Editor directly from Power BI Desktop you’ll be automatically connected to your data model.

Once Tabular Editor has opened you should see a similar screen like the below.

As a next step I expand the Roles and select first the “OLS on Table dimEmployee”. Once the role is selected in the property pane you see a property “Table Permissions” in the “Security” section. Expand it and configure “None” to the table which should be secured. In our case it’s dimEmployee. This means that every user who will be added to the “OLS on Table dimEmployee” role afterwards will not see any data coming from the dimEmployee table.

Now I select the other role and instead of “None” I set the dimCustomer Table to “Read”. The reason is we just want to secure one specific column and not the whole table. Therefore the table can be read in general but we have to configure specific columns which should be secured. After you set the dimCustomer table to read the role can be expanded on the left hand side which lists all tables in “Read” or “None” mode.

Next select the dimTable below the role, head over to “OLS Column Permissions” under “Security” in the property pane and set the column “Customer” to “None”. Every other column will use the Default behavior of the table which is “Read”.

After we set up everything now in Tabular Editor we can save our model and close Tabular Editor. Back in Power BI Desktop let’s test our roles. First I test the “OLS on Table dimEmployee” role by going to Modeling – View as – selecting OLS on Table dimEmployee – and hit OK.

We see that our OLS works because the right hand visual is not showing anything. Further the whole table dimCustomer is also not visible.

That’s exactly what we expected – great! Let’s test the second role. After we switched the view every visual is showing up but the “Customer” field in the table “dimCustomer” is hidden. This is also expected as we’re not using the Customer field in our report so far therefore everything can be shown.

Let’s turn of the role view and replace the “Buying Group” column with “Customer”.

Than we enable the role view again to see if security applies.

And as we can see yes it does! Because the visual is using the column Customer now it’s not showing up.

As a last step you would need to publish the report to the Service and assign user / groups to the desired role. One user / group can also be added to multiple roles if needed like with RLS.

Personally, I find the OLS very useful to secure your data model but the message which appears to end user is not very user friendly. I would love to see an update here which says at least it’s secured instead of “Something went wrong” because as an admin it’s expected behavior and not wrong. Best option would be if I could configure the message as I wish.

Please let me know if this post was helpful and give me some feedback. Also feel free to contact me if you have any questions.

If you’re interested in the files used in this blog check out my GitHub repo https://github.com/PBI-Guy/blog This time I’ll provide only the PBIT file not containing the data as well not providing the User and Password. Thanks for understanding.